Certified HVE. Double Guyot pruning in winter, 2 canes 2 cétes, 4 buds per cane which is half of tradictional (optimize natural concentration of nutriments with lower yield). Mechanical plowing 1 row out of two, grass on 1 row out of 2, Density 5,000 pieds hectares for stress (2x more thant Bordeaux Superieur and like Médoc, stress the vine to push them to grow roots deeper for better nutriments), 90% Merlot, 10% cabernet Sauvignon, defoliation only on year that are cold humid, not on warm vintage, and on big yield vintage (against rot). 2011 and 2012 defoliation. Treatment far lower than HVE requirements, no CMR synthetic, mechanical harvest with newest technology that allows reactive swift harvest in the best condition such as cold morning. Helps prevent contamination by preventing any contact with other vegetal part. All is set up for waiting until the last inute to harvest at peack maturity in cold condition.